Laravel is a widely used framework for web development. If you are a beginner in the learning phase of the Laravel then you have to make sure that the application which you are developing is secure.
There are plenty of things that you need to take care of while in the development server and the production server.
Here are some important tips for your Laravel application:
1. .ENV file
.env file is used for the database and mail configuration for your Laravel application. It consists of the app URL, app name and many things.
Now if you directly open this file in your browser it will show some confidential details like DB user_name, password and the complete data of .env file.
For example: Enter the URL in the browser http://localhost/your_project_name/.env
It will show the complete detail of .env file in the browser which is not good practice and it bleches the security of your application also.
Solution: Open your .htaccess file and add the following code at the bottom of your file.
<Files .env> Order allow, deny Deny from all </Files>
2. Error in Production Server
If your project is running in the production server then you have to make some changes in your .env file in order to provide the security to your Laravel application.
Just make APP_DEBUG=false and save changes.
It will not show the details error page which consists of confidential information about the project. Develop some custom error pages like 404, 401 and show these pages to users.
3. Raw Query
In order to avoid SQL injection attacks, you should avoid the usage of raw queries. Laravel provides an eloquent and query builder approach to implement your application with the database.
4. HTTPS for data
If your application involves security data then you should use HTTPS instead of HTTP.
5. Authentication Process
The Laravel framework already has the built-in functionality of registration and login of the user with the proper security checks. In addition to that, Laravel also makes use of guards and providers for authentication.
While in the development phase of the application you should take care of the above tips and you can improvise your code stability. If you have any doubts regarding this article you can feel free to contact us. We want to hear from you.